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Breast pain, causes and treatment during menstruation

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Breast pain, causes and treatment during menstruation
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Breast pain, causes and treatment during menstruation

Cyclical pain is the pain that is associated with menstrual cycle. It is the most common type of breast pain and usually occurs in both breasts.

Studies have shown that seventy percent of women experience breast pain during menstruation.

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And while it can be serious for a few, it is usually mild for most of them.

There is also the group that experiences breast pain, which is also known as mastalgia, regularly; and a good number of them are advanced in age.

However, the causes of breast pain may vary based on the type or category of breast pain. And according to studies, breast pain can either be categorized as cyclical pain or non-cyclical pain.

1. Cyclical pain
Just as the name implies, cyclical pain is the pain that is associated with menstrual cycle. It is the most common type of breast pain and usually occurs in both breasts.

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Known to come with a heaviness or soreness that radiates to the armpit and arm, the primary cause of cyclical breast pain can be linked to the fluctuation of estrogen and progesterone.

However, observations have shown that cyclical pain tends to subside during or after menstruation period.

2. Noncyclical pain
Unlike cyclical pain, noncyclical pain can have many causes which includes injury to the breast, breast size, cysts, muscles or tissues rather than the breast itself, and other numerous unknown factors.

Nevertheless, noncyclical pain has been found to be much less common than cyclical pain, and its causes can be very difficult to identify.

Here are some home remedies for treating cyclical pain

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1.Home therapies
Medical practitioners have advised that applying cold compresses or heating pads to the breasts can help reduce cyclical breast pain.

Additionally, taking a warm bath with soothing essential oils, like rosemary or lavender can help relieve the pain as well.

It has also been advised that wearing loose cotton clothes and massaging breasts in the shower with soap can help bring relieve breast pain.

2. Lifestyle changes
Some experts have also suggested that breast pain may be improved by:

Reducing your intake of caffeine, which is found in tea, coffee, and cola
Reducing your intake of saturated fat, which is found in butter, crisps, and fried food
Not smoking (if you smoke)
However, the benefits of making these changes have not been scientifically proven.

3. Herbs
In addition to the solutions stated above, herbal remedies have long been proven to be a natural and economical method of treating breast pain.

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And two popular herbs for relieving cyclical breast pain are chaste berry and soy. Chasteberry helps reduce prolactin levels, which in turn reduces breast pain.

On the other hand, soy contains phytoestrogenic compounds, which raise estrogen levels and ease breast pain, making it popular among menopausal women.

Other nutrient-rich food that can help relieve breast pain includes Salmon, avocados, spinach, kale, and guavas.

4. Nonprescription medicines
It is also possible to reduce breast pain with the following nonprescription medicines. But ensure to read and follow the instructions on the label!

Acetaminophen, such as Tylenol
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as ibuprofen(Advil or Motrin), naproxen (Aleve or Naprosyn), or aspirin (Anacin, Bayer)
However, it is advisable to visit a doctor if breast pain becomes severe or lasts longer than three weeks.

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Covid 19 Omicron variant: Extra 3 Cases Confirmed In Nigeria

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Covid 19 Omicron variant: Extra 3 Cases Confirmed In Nigeria
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Covid 19 Omicron variant: Extra 3 Cases Confirmed In Nigeria

…As NCDC prioritises sequencing of COVID-19 positive samples in travellers from UK

The Nigeria Centre for Disease Control, NCDC, on Tuesday confirmed additional three more cases of COVID-19 with the B.1.1.529 SARS-CoV-2 lineage, the Omicron variant, in Nigeria.

This brings the total number of confirmed cases of the Omicron variant detected in Nigeria to six .

All the Omicron cases so far were detected in persons with recent travel history to South Africa in November.

In press statement made available to Journalists, the Director General of Nigeria Centre for Disease Control, Dr Ifedayo Adetifa said the NCDC through the National Reference Laboratory (NRL) continues to coordinate genomic surveillance activities across the country to sequence all positive COVID-19 samples from international travellers arriving in Nigeria.

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This includes sequencing of positive samples from international travellers from October 2021 to date. The Delta variant remains the dominant variant and so far, we have not seen the replacement of this variant by the new Omicron variant as observed elsewhere.

He explained that the Omicron variant is a source of global concern because of its increased risk of transmissibility and its potential to escape protective immune responses induced by natural infection and/or vaccination.

“Taken together, and if true, the Omicron variant can significantly change the current global COVID-19 epidemiology. There is currently no evidence of generalised or community transmission of this variant in Nigeria.”

Covid 19 Omicron variant: Extra 3 Cases Confirmed In Nigeria

He said the NCDC will continue coordinating and implementing genomic surveillance activities in- country to keep Nigerians reliably informed about existing variants, the Omicron and indeed other variants that may arise based on national data and emerging global evidence.

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“In line with Article 44 of the International Health Regulations 2005 (IHR) reporting framework, he disclosed that the Federal Government of Nigeria through the NCDC has also been notified by the UK Government of seven cases of travellers from Nigeria with the Omicron variant.

Given the reports of increasing numbers of Omicron cases in the UK, he added that the NCDC is also prioritising the sequencing of COVID-19 positive samples in travellers with history of travel to the UK.

“All viruses naturally mutate over time, including SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID- 19. Since SARS-CoV-2 was first identified, several mutations have occurred with the emergence of new lineages.

“This will continue to happen as long as the world does not act in concert to significantly reduce transmission through vaccination and adherence to effective public health measures such as mask use, physical distancing, hand hygiene, and ensuring good ventilation.

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He urged Nigerians to continue to take personal and collective responsibility to ensure the safety of all Nigerians.

He said:”Compliance with the travel protocols provided by the Presidential Steering Committee on COVID-19 (PSC-COVID-19) is mandatory for all international travellers arriving in Nigeria from any country. Incoming travellers should ensure their day 2 and day 7 tests are done as stipulated in Nigeria’s travel advisory.

“Otherwise, there will be consequences for defaulters which may include publication of their details, suspension of their passports and ban on travel to Nigeria by the PSC-COVID-19,” he stated.

He stated that the revised travel protocol which came into effect on 5th December 2021 is available via – http://covid19.ncdc.gov.ng/media/files/Revised_Travel_Protocol.

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FG says “50 per cent of COVID-19 positive cases in Nigeria from UK”

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FG says “50 per cent of COVID-19 positive cases in Nigeria from UK”
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FG says “50 per cent of COVID-19 positive cases in Nigeria from UK”

The Nigerian government has said that 50 per cent of the COVID-19 positive arrivals that the country has had are from the UK.

Minister of Health Dr Osagie Ehanire said this while faulting the UK government for red-listing Nigeria and other African countries over fears of the Omicron COVID-19 variant.

Ehanire described the ban as a hasty decision in an interview on Channels Television.

He said, “We regularly have travellers from the UK that are COVID-19 positive. In fact, within the last two weeks, the COVID-19 positive arrivals were 50 per cent from the UK.

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“There is genetic sequencing going on; we shall have the results soon. We do not know how many of them are Omicron variants. But if every country should put other countries on a ban list because there are 21 cases in that country, very soon, you’ll have a large number of countries on your red list.

The health minister stated that there are other ways to go about this COVID-19 variant than banning flights from African countries.

“I believe that there are other ways to go about it, and we in Nigeria don’t regard banning flights and movement of people as particularly helpful,” Ehanire said.

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COVID-19 Omicron: Moghalu Urges Nigeria, South Africa To Reciprocate Travel Ban

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COVID-19 Omicron: Moghalu Urges Nigeria, South Africa To Reciprocate Travel Ban
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COVID-19 Omicron: Moghalu Urges Nigeria, South Africa To Reciprocate Travel Ban

Former presidential candidate, Kingsley Moghalu has asked Nigeria and South Africa to reciprocate travel bans by western countries and shut their borders.

Moghalu said this following the travel ban handed to Nigeria by Canada, the United Kingdom, Indonesia, Singapore and Hong Kong.

Many developed countries have been shutting their doors against African countries due to the newly detected coronavirus variant in South Africa.

The UK announced that it found 21 cases of the COVID-19 Omicron variant which were linked to Nigeria.

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It further confirmed that all flights from Nigeria from Monday would be restricted. All pending visa applications in Nigeria have also been suspended.
COVID-19 Omicron: Moghalu Urges Nigeria, South Africa To Reciprocate Travel Ban
Moghalu in a post on his Twitter page wrote: “Nigeria and other African countries such as South Africa should issue reciprocal restrictions or bans on any Western countries that restrict or ban travel by Africans because of the Omicron variant of #COVID19.”

According to him, It is unconscionable to subject Africans to restrictions because of avariant that did not originate from the continent, when Western countries with similar or more cases are not subject to similar restrictions.

” This is more than public health. It is about worldviews in international relations. Our dignity matters. Our leaders should protect it instead of as is the case with Nigeria today, traveling around the world with a begging bowl for foreign assistance,” his tweet read.

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Meanwhile, the Nigerians government has said there is no need for travel ban over concerns of Omicron variant.

The health minister said other measures could be put in place, adding that most COVID-19 positive cases in Nigeria are from the UK.

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