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FG Approves National Policy On The Use Of 5G In Nigeria



FG Approves National Policy On The Use Of 5G In Nigeria
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FG Approves National Policy On The Use Of 5G In Nigeria Chrysora Media, reports

The Federal Executive Council, FEC, yesterday approved the national policy on fifth generational networks for Nigeria’s digital economy, 5G.

The policy includes the deployment of 5G network.

The Minister of Communications and Digital Economy, Dr. Isa Pantami, who disclosed this while briefing State House correspondents after the Federal Executive Council, FEC, meeting presided over by President Muhammadu Buhari at the First Lady’s Conference Room, Presidential Villa, Abuja, also said the federal government shut down telecommunication activities in Zamfara State over banditry at the instance of security agencies.

He said: “Furthermore, the policy discusses the benefits to be attained through the deployment of 5G in Nigeria and in any part of the world which includes lower latency, larger capacity, and higher data rate.

“These are the three major benefits of fifth generation. And in a simple language, we can say it will open many opportunities economically, academically, educationally and even in the health sector. And it will also support our security institutions, particularly in areas where they need high quality services.

“So, these are some of the benefits to be anticipated when fifth generation or 5G is deployed in Nigeria.”

He recalled that during 5G network trials in Nigeria in 2020, some citizens had complained about its alleged link to COVID-19, which he said had been dispelled.

Pantami said: “Prior to that, as you all know, in 2020, there was a time we started the fifth generation trials. And there was a complaint from citizens about the relationship between 5G and COVID-19.

“Because our government is a responsible one, we put everything on hold. We engaged more stakeholders. We spent almost 18 months working on that. And we also waited for the resolution and verdict of the two most important organisations globally when it comes to the deployment of telecommunications facilities.

”These are the International Telecommunications Union, ITU, which is an arm of the United Nations, and also World Health Organisation, WHO, which is another arm of the United Nations. Both of them confirmed that there is no adverse health effects of 5G and it has not been proven to be any harmful to our health.

“Most importantly, even its frequency and radiation is even lower than that of 4G, and it is lower than the televisions and microwave we have at home.

“So, they have already issued that. And they explain about its safety, and also they advised nations on the regulations and the standards to be used in the course of the deployment. And the Nigerian Communications Commission has been directed to ensure that all the standards, regulations are complied with.”

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He disclosed that the 5G spectrum would soon be released by the National Frequency Management Council to the Nigerian Communications Commission, NCC.

Pantani explained: “The National Frequency Management Council, which is the statutory council in which I happen to be the chair will release the spectrum of 5G to the Nigerian Communications Commission in bulk when the conditions of deployment are met, so that the Nigerian Communications Commission on behalf of the federal government of Nigeria, will release the spectrum to the mobile network operators for the deployment of 5G.

“With the approval of this national policy on fifth generation, or 5G, NCC has been directed to start working immediately to come up with regulatory instrument that will ensure its safety, and many more.

“Our government gives more priority and preference to the health and security of our citizens as in the Constitution of Nigeria 1999 as amended under Section 14, Subsection 2 Article B.

FG Approves National Policy On The Use Of 5G In Nigeria

“So, that is why our subsidiary legislation is going to be developed to ensure that 5G will only be useful in Nigeria, and we cannot allow it to be harmful in any place.”

In his remarks at the briefing, the Senior Special Assistant to the President on Media and Publicity, Malla Garba Shehu, who moderated the briefing, said FEC also approved the National Policy of Food and Nutrition.

He said FEC also approved the consultancy for the design and construction of the second runway of Nnamdi Azikiwe International Airport in Abuja for N500 million.

ALTON reacts

Reacting, the Chairman, Association of Licensed Telecom Operators in Nigeria, ALTON, Engr Gbenga Adebayo, said that the approval means that Nigerians will soon experience the launch of a network which can transform the economy based on the speed it gives to internet activities.

He said: “We know that every generation of technological evolution comes with some form of resistance, but 5G has transformational powers. Each generation comes with increasingly more efficient telecommunication network performance in terms of the geographical area covered. They also determined the number of devices connected and powered, latency and redundancy, which speaks to the speed of uploading and sending or downloading of data over the network per second.

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2G, first introduced in 1992, is the second-generation of cellular telephone technology and the first to use digital encryption of conversations. 2G networks were the first to offer data services and SMS text messaging, but their data transfer rates were a bit lower.

3G networks succeeded 2G, offering faster data transfer rates and are the first to enable video calls. This makes them especially suitable for use in modern smartphones, which require constant high-speed internet connection for many of their applications.

“4G is the fourth generation and a successor to the 3G. It provides ultra-broadband internet access for mobile devices. The high data transfer rate makes 4G networks suitable for use in USB wireless modems for laptops and even home internet access.

“For example, while the first, second and third generations of network with all their capabilities came with minimal data speed capabilities, 4G network which also works on same radiofrequency of 2.5Gigahertz, can power 100,000 devices within a square kilometre.

“However, 5G, the fifth generation of mobile phone communications standards, promises to be faster than previous generations while opening up new user cases for mobile data.

It will operate at humongous 95 gigahertz and power up to 1 million devices per square kilometre. It will power internet of things and do a lot more”

Despite the controversy surrounding the fifth generation, 5G network, technology experts have consistently called on Nigeria to quickly fine-tune policies and processes towards an immediate deployment of the network.

Telecom engineers, economists and advocacy groups, including GSM Association, GSMA who x-rayed the dynamics of the 5G economy, noted that Nigeria stood to gain unquantifiable mileage from the economic boost that the network can engender.

Already South Africa and Kenya have deployed the network. They are believed to be way ahead of Nigeria, in connecting people, things, data, applications, transport systems and cities to a smart, networked communication environment, supporting applications such as smart homes and buildings, smart cities, autonomous vehicle.

FG Approves National Policy On The Use Of 5G In Nigeria

They are also enabling 3D videos, remote medical services, virtual and augmented reality and massive machine-to-machine communications for industry automation, among other innovations.

The Minister, who also disclosed that the shut down of telecom service in Zamfara was done at the instance of security agencies, said the measure did not originate from his ministry.

He explained that the security agencies proposed it as an effective way to curtail the bandits.

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On whether the shut down will be extended to Katsina, Kaduna and other bandit-infested states, he declined to comment on it because of its security implications. Pantami, however, explained that government was willing to sacrifice economic gains in the telecom sector for security benefits.

Appealing to Nigerians to show understanding to the measure and support the efforts of the security agencies, the minister also stated that available information from the security circle showed that the action was yielding positive results.

He said: “I will begin by responding to my friend, the first questioner, about shutting down telecommunications facilities in some parts of Northwest of Nigeria. Prior to responding to the question, I want to clarify to all of us that the Constitution of Nigeria, 1999, Section 14, Subsection 2, under Article B, has expounded to us that the primary responsibility of government is the security and welfare of its citizens.

“Understanding the priority of security makes the administration of President Muhammadu Buhari to always make sure that our priority number one is security because this is what the Constitution says and any action to be taken, as long as it will support security institutions to achieve and deliver their responsibilities, government is willing to do that for them.

“Furthermore, security issues cannot be discussed in public like this. Most importantly, I am not in the better position to justify the shutting down of telecommunications because of security.

“I am aware of the shutting down, but the request is not from us. Rather, the request is from the security institutions; they asked for that as part of their strategy.

“Because of this, government allowed them to go ahead and the reason for doing that I may be aware of some, but I’m sorry to say it’s not for public discussion.

“What I only plead with all of us, as lay men, is we shall try to give our security institutions the support they need in order to deliver on their mandate.

“Security issues today are not only for the security institutions alone, but there is also a role that each and every citizen can play in order to make their work more successful.

“So, I plead with the media to support our security institutions and let us give them the benefit of doubt. When they come up with a strategy, let us not unnecessarily criticise it, except we allow them to begin and see.

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Who is a cyber criminal?

A cyber criminal is an individual that commits crime with the use of a computer as a tool or as a target. Cyber criminals operate in many ways but the most common way cyber criminals operate in today’s digital age is through social engineering.

Social engineering is a strategy used by cyber criminals to manipulate or trick people into revealing their personal or sensitive information. In most cases it involves interesting and convincing stories from cyber criminals to lure unsuspecting individuals, companies or organisations into falling victim. Common social engineering attacks include:

1. Sending of fake distress messages to unsuspecting victims.

2. Sending an email with a link which will redirect unsuspecting victim to a fake website.

3. Sending a message to an individual that he has won a lottery involving huge amount of money and asking him to provide his bank account details or other personal information.

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4. Sending attachment or apps containing malware to unsuspecting victims.

5. Pretending as a bank, internet service provider, business partner or social media platform administrator and asking of password, PIN or other personal information from unsuspecting victim.


The internet can be a very good tool for learning, creativity, sharing useful information and connecting with people but despite its great benefits, it is also used by cyber criminals to commit crime.

In today’s technology age, cyber criminals can be very smart when it comes to online fraud. They will use all kinds of tricks to target their victims around the world.

As internet usage increases on daily basis so does the amount of sensitive and personal information which are made available on social media. The cyber criminals are aware about this and they always want to take advantage of it.

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However, we must be informed that we all have personal or sensitive information that is worth something to cyber criminals which they can sell out to other criminals or unsuspecting victims. This is why it is very important for us as individuals or organisations to understand the mindset of a cyber criminal.

The mindset of a cyber criminal:

1. He thinks faster than his victims.

2. He is always searching for people’s personal and sensitive information and he is ready to get it at all costs.

3. His main motive is to obtain money or personal information from his victims.

4. He is always learning and thinking of news strategies to defraud his victims.

5. He wants to make friends with as many people as possible to increase his chances of getting more victims.

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6. He doesn’t give up on his victims no matter how pathetic the victim’s situation is.

7. He wants to use his cyber security knowledge to defraud anyone that comes in contact with him at any time.

8. He believes in using different identities to convince his victims.

9. He spends a lot of time to study the mindset of his victims.

10. He has special interest in defrauding the aged people and young children because they are the most vulnerable to cybercrime in today’s digital age.

Conclusively, we must be informed that our greatest weapon and best defense against cyber criminals is to educate ourselves about their strategies so that we can understand their mindset.

Rotimi Onadipe,

Tel: +234-8169121819


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NIN: Buhari wants complete database for Nigerians




NIN: Buhari wants complete database for Nigerians
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NIN: Buhari wants complete database for Nigerians

President Muhammadu Buhari has called on relevant stakeholders to redouble their efforts in attaining and establishing complete data base of all citizens in the country.

Buhari, who was represented by the Minister of Communications and Digital Economy, Prof. Isa Pantami, made this call at the commemoration of the 3rd National Identity Day in Abuja.

The theme of the Day is “Identity, a tool for sustainable digital economy and National security“.

He also commended efforts of all stakeholders as regards National Identification Number (NIN), adding it was highly commendable, particularly being able to capture millions within less than a year.

Buhari called on stakeholders in the private and public sector to join hands together before end of his tenure to achieve a complete database for the country.

He reminded all stakeholders and citizens that NIN was key to the success of Nigeria as a country.

“As long as we fail to recognise the gaps then it is difficult to fix our challenges confronting the country.

“With the right database in place, it will guide government to plan and take critical decisions on education, health agriculture.

“Data also will guide government to come up with effective national policies with the issue women, children and unemployment,” Buhari said.

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NIN: Buhari wants complete database for Nigerians

He commended the effort of NIMC for choosing the theme, saying NIN was a prerequisite for the success of the digital and national economy, as well as national security right.

Pantami said there was the need to use efficient ways to deploy national identity trust systems, not only to deliver government services in areas such as social welfare, taxes, voting, health administration, security, and education but also to build an indigenous digital economy.

He also said it would stimulate the private sector and make it thrive.

Pantami, who was represented by the Permanent Secretary of the Ministry, Bitrus Nabasu, said an efficient, secure, accessible, and reliable National Identity Infrastructure would empower Nigerians to exercise their rights and responsibilities fairly and equitably, thereby driving social inclusion.

He said the National Identity Day celebration was intended to raise awareness and sensitise the citizenry about the pivotal role of digital identification in Nigeria.

“Our enthusiasm to build a local digital economy, curb widespread economic and social exclusion is hinged on the necessity to assign every Nigerian and legal resident with a unique identity.

“The commission has achieved this through the scale up of Enrolment and Registration Centres (ERCs) across the country and in the diaspora.

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“We have implemented novel policy initiatives that have led to tremendous increase in the registration of persons to over 63 million, counting on the National Identity Database (NIDB),” Pantami said.

He said there was need to continue to reinforce every Nigerian to have a digital identity, irrespective of social class or economic status, saying that the need to sustain the momentum by creating awareness and sensitising the public.

The Acting Chairman, NIMC Governing Board, Bello Gwandu said the gathering brought together key stakeholders and drew attention to the multidimensional importance of identification in the building of an inclusive society.

“This is the third edition of the event since Mr. President approved the designation of Sept. 16th of every year as the National Identity Day, in line with his conviction of the power of digital identification as a pivotal tool in changing the socio-economic narrative of Nigeria.

“It further proves his readiness to provide necessary support to relevant agencies of government with a view to harnessing all identity infrastructure in the country toward bolstering our domestic digital economy.

“Commemorative ceremonies such as this, offer ample opportunity to explicitly reinforce the fact that no country can thrive in this 21st century without a functional and reliable system of national identification,” Gwandu said.

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He said without NIN, government would not be able to effectively deliver public services to citizens and private institutions would struggle to serve their customers seamlessly.

Speaking on the progress of the commission, the Director- General of NIMC, Aliyu Aziz, said the commission had learnt lessons, forged new alliances and partnerships, transformed, and empowered to institutionalise a sustainable foundational ID for Nigeria.

“Whilst we acknowledge there is more work to be done and many hurdles to cross, I want to state that the commission is on the right path to fulfilling its mandate of providing assured identity to all.

“I want to appeal for the support of every stakeholder in the actualisation of this huge and important ID mandate that has the potential to change the trajectory of our nation.

NAN reports that the occasion attracted the presidential launch of the new improved NIN slip, the upgraded NIMC Mobile app, and the Android software.

All these additions are geared to help NIMC serve the public effectively and efficiently.

News Agency Of Nigeria

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Twitter Ban: FG Sets To Lift Ban In Few Days




Twitter Ban: FG Sets To Lift Ban In Few Days
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Twitter Ban: FG Sets To Lift Ban In Few Days

The Federal Government has again pledged to restore Twitter services in the country, hundred days after the tech giant was banned in Nigeria.

Minister of Information and Culture, Lai Mohammed, disclosed this on Wednesday while briefing State House reporters after the weekly Federal Executive Council meeting in Abuja.

He said that the government is working hard to restore Twitter’s operations in Nigeria.

“Honestly, we have gone very far. I won’t be specific but we have gone very far,” the minister said.

“Honestly, it is going to be very soon. Just take my words for that. Even Twitter itself gave a progress report on our talks with them.

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“If I want to quote them rightly, they said it has been quite productive and respectful. As to how soon is soon, if the operation has been successful for hundred days now, we are just talking about a few more days.

Twitter Ban: FG Sets To Lift Ban In Few Days

“I can assure Nigerians that we are not unmindful of the anxiety and both parties are working very hard to put a closure on the matter.”

TwitterBan: We Are Monitoring Closely Repression In Nigeria, Says Commonwealth

Nigeria suspended Twitter operations on June 4 after the social media giant deleted a tweet by President Muhammadu Buhari for “violation of the company’s abusive behaviour policy”.

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A day after, the suspension was effected by telecommunications companies.

The country joins nations like North Korea, China, and Iran in halting operations of the social media platform.

In spite of the development, many in the country have devised means to sidestep the ban including the use of Virtual Private Networks (VPNs).

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